Modern beaches — it is more than a strip of sand along the coast of the sea, river or lake. For the comfort of vacationers, owners and tenants install toilets, changing cabins, showers, sun loungers and awnings. Often on the beaches there are equipment rentals, ice cream and drinks shops, and small cafes. For those who get to the coast on their own car, parking lots are organized. For what beach services visitors have to pay for and — completely free, read in aif.ru material.
Entrance to beach
Owners or tenants of a beach near a lake, river or sea do not have the right to charge an entrance fee to its territory. According to Article 6 of the Water Code, water bodies that are in state or municipal ownership are publicly available. Everyone has the right to access to them. In addition, it is forbidden to privatize the land on the coastal strip, it says in par 8 art 27. Land Code.
Access to the beach can be closed only if the reservoir or part of it was provided to ensure the defense of the country and the security of the state, other state or municipal needs (Part 2 Art. 38 of the Water Code RF). A the concept of "private beach" can only be applied to recreation areas near artificial reservoirs: ponds or pools.
If we are talking about public beaches on the coast of the sea, river or lake, then, according to the Water Code, a coastal strip with a width of 20 meters is considered open for wide access.
In -resort of Sochi reported that before the start of the season, Anatoly Pakhomov, then the mayor of the city, said that all beaches should have a strip without equipment so that tourists and local residents could sunbathe there, laying their towels. He threatened beach tenants who violated the requirements with large fines and arrest for up to 15 days.
Toilet, changing rooms and showers
Toilets, changing rooms and showers on the beaches should also be free.
“Coastal tenants have the right to provide additional services to visitors for money. But toilets should be free. Moreover, not on on the beach, but and in restaurants, and in cafes. As well as showers with cloakrooms. But not everyone fulfills these requirements. More precisely, as soon as inspectors approach this or that toilet, it immediately becomes free», — says in the message of the official portal of the city of Sochi.
According to SanPiN 2.1.3684-21, beach owners must install changing cabins, public toilets, showers, trash cans on their territory. The number of changing rooms, toilets and showers is determined depending on the area of the beach. Toilets and showers must be at a distance of at least meters and not more than 200 meters from the edge of the reservoir. The distance between toilets and showers should be no more than 100 meters.
Sunbeds, umbrellas, parking
A private person can take the land of the beach for rent. It is not the beach itself that is rented out, but an agreement is concluded for land improvement or for organization of recreation and tourism on the beach. It may provide for the opening by the tenant on the beach of trade facilities, attractions, rental of sun loungers and umbrellas, inventory and equipment for swimming, etc. That is, for all these services, he can legally charge a vacationer.
However, there were situations when tenants did not allow visitors to the beach, demanding payment for a sun lounger. Or they took money for entry to the beach, and a sunbed was provided «as a»gift». This is illegal, as it contradicts the Water Code and Art. 16 FZ «On protection of consumer rights», which prohibits the imposition of services.
B p. 6.1. GOST R 55698-2013 “Tourist services. Beach services. General requirements» it is stated that the following additional services can be organized on the beaches related to the creation of amenities for beach visitors:
• learning to swim, dive, surf, etc. p.;
• rental of beach umbrellas, sun loungers, sun loungers, mattresses and towels;
x rental of tourist equipment and equipment for swimming and diving;
• animation services for children, children's playrooms;
• swimming pool;
• photo and video services;
• organization of food outlets and small retail trade;
• sale of related products, including souvenirs, hygiene products, perfumes, cosmetics and other products;
x provision of organized parking for cars of tourists and etc.
In these cases, it is the right of the beach owners and renters to provide these services, and not obligations Therefore, visitors may be charged money for visitors.
At the end of July 2021, a video from the elite beach at the surf station in Sochi, which was filmed by a vacationer, went viral on the Web. On the tourist captured the price list valid on the beach and providing paid rescue on water. According to the plate, the cost of the service was 800 rubles.
Lawyers and many users have pointed out that it is illegal to demand payment for water rescue. After all, the services of lifeguards at water facilities that are state or municipal property should be free. The State Inspectorate for Small Boats of the EMERCOM of Russia is responsible for ensuring the safety of citizens at water facilities, which also issues a permit for the operation of the bathing area.
The press service of the Sochi administration commented on the incident. There, the payment for rescue on the water was called the mistake of the marketing officer of the surf station. He was fired, and the plate with price list with mistakes and wordings” destroyed.
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